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  • TransCanadaFlorist

Allium (蔥屬)



About Allium

  • Allium, also known as “Purple Sensation”.

  • Allium, genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants, which onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek and chives are all the same family of Allium.

  • Allium is herbaceous geophyte perennials with bulb.

  • In Latin, cultivated garlic refers to Allium sativum, which is the type species for the genus of Allium.

  • Allium has a smell of garlic, therefore, in Greek avew (aleo, to avoid) is to refer Allium.

  • About a dozen species of Allium have been cultivated and they are economically important as crop.

  • Due to the species boundaries are unclear and genus Allium is taxonomically difficult; as a result, the estimate number of Allium species are 260 to 979.

  • Except for a few species native in Chile, Brazil and Tropical Africa, most of the Allium species occur in temperate climate of the Northern Hemisphere.

  • They vary in height between 5 cm to 150 cm and the bulbs vary in size from between 2-3mm to 8- 10 cm.

  • The reason why Allium tastes and smell like onion or garlic is because Allium produce a chemical compound derived from cysteine sulfoxides.

  • Both bulb and leaves are edible; therefore, most Alliums are used as food plants.

  • The sulfate level of the soil that Allium grows play an important row to influence the flavor of the plant.

  • All Allium species will lose their usual pungency, in the rare occurrence, in a sulfate-free growth condition.

  • Due to the taste of Allium, most animals and especially deer won’t nibble on the leaves

  • One of the best things about alliums is that most animals, especially deer, find the taste unappealing and won’t nibble on the leaves.

  • One type of Allium is well-known for being able to grow on Mount Everest, and is even named after the world’s tallest mountain.


Taxonomy:

  • With over 850 species, Allium is one of the largest monocotyledonous genera.

  • Allium was placed in Liliaceae in some older classification system; however, due to molecular phylogenetic studied, Allium is not related to Liliaceae family. Instead of Liliaceae family, Allium is placed in the Amaryllidaceae family, subfamily Allioideae, by the APG III classification system.


Plant Care:

  • Allium can be grown in USDA Hardiness zone 3-9 (not lower than -34.4C or -40 F).

  • Full sun with good drainage is the essential key for Allium plant.

  • Like most of the bulb plants, Allium can propagate by division.

  • Almost no maintenance necessary for Allium plant.


Symbols:

  • Allium Victorialis, is one of the Allium species regions in Europe and parts of Asia, which represented invulnerability and victory. In Germany is called “Allermannsharnisch”, which means the ordinary man’s armour.

  • Some superstition believes the strong scent of Allium can keep away bad luck, sickness and witches and a plaited string could keep everything out.

  • Allium flower means elegant, and patience.

  • Allium flowers also represent unity, and so are sometimes given between married couples or long-time acquaintances.

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